Atlanti Gaz http://atlantigaz.com/ Tue, 28 Jun 2022 14:52:34 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://atlantigaz.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/cropped-icon-1-32x32.png Atlanti Gaz http://atlantigaz.com/ 32 32 Policy makers and individuals can act to mitigate potential health risks from natural gas https://atlantigaz.com/policy-makers-and-individuals-can-act-to-mitigate-potential-health-risks-from-natural-gas/ Tue, 28 Jun 2022 13:09:35 +0000 https://atlantigaz.com/policy-makers-and-individuals-can-act-to-mitigate-potential-health-risks-from-natural-gas/ Every day, millions of Americans depend on natural gas to power appliances such as ranges, furnaces and water heaters, but until now there has been very little data on the chemical makeup of the gas once it is used. it reaches consumers.

Natural gas used in homes in the Greater Boston area contains varying levels of volatile organic chemicals that, if leaked, are known to be toxic, linked to cancer and can form harmful secondary pollutants, new study finds for health such as particles and ozone. Research conducted by the Center for Climate, Health, and the Global Environment at Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, PSE Healthy Energy, Atmospheric and Environmental Research (AER), Gas Safety Inc., Boston University, and Home Energy Efficiency Team ( HEET ) was published in Environmental science and technology.

“It is well established that natural gas is a major source of methane that drives climate change,” said Drew Michanowicz, Harvard Chan C-CHANGE Visiting Scholar and Principal Investigator at PSE Healthy Energy. “But most people haven’t really considered that our homes are where the pipeline ends and that when natural gas leaks, it can contain health-damaging air pollutants in addition to climate pollutants.”

The researchers conducted a hazard identification study, which assessed whether air pollutants are present in unburned natural gas, but did not assess human exposure to these pollutants. Between December 2019 and May 2021, researchers collected more than 200 samples of unburned natural gas from 69 unique cookstoves and construction pipelines in Greater Boston. From these samples, the researchers detected 296 unique chemical compounds, 21 of which are federally designated as hazardous air pollutants. They also measured the concentration of odorants in natural gas consumption – the chemicals that give gas its characteristic odor – and found that leaks containing around 20 parts per million methane may not have enough odorant to that people detect them. The samples were taken from the territories of Eversource Gas, National Grid and the former Columbia Gas, which together provide service to 93% of gas customers in Massachusetts.

Main conclusions:

  • Consumer natural gas supplied to Massachusetts contains varying levels of at least 21 different hazardous air pollutants, as defined by the US EPA, including benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene and hexane.
  • Concentrations of hazardous air pollutants in natural gas varied by location and time of year, with the highest concentrations observed in winter.
  • Based on odorant concentrations, small leaks may be undetectable by odor – leaks up to 10 times natural levels may be undetectable, equivalent to a methane concentration of approximately 20 parts per million.

When gas leaks occur, even small amounts of hazardous air pollutants can impact indoor air quality because natural gas is used by appliances near people. Persistent outdoor gas leaks located throughout the distribution system can also degrade outdoor air quality as precursors to particulate matter and ozone.

“This study shows that gas appliances like stoves and ovens can be a source of dangerous chemicals in our homes even when we are not using them. These same chemicals are also likely to be present in the distribution systems gas leaks in cities and in the supply chain,” said Jonathan Buonocore, co-author and Harvard Chan C-CHANGE research scientist. “Policymakers and utilities can better educate consumers about how natural gas is distributed to homes and on the potential health risks of leaking gas appliances and leaking gas pipes under streets, and making alternatives more accessible.”

Researchers share steps policymakers and individuals can take to mitigate the health risks posed by natural gas used in homes.

Policy measures:

  • Gas pipeline companies could be required to measure and report more detailed information on the composition of natural gas, specifically distinguishing between non-methane volatile organic compounds such as benzene and toluene.
  • Gas utility providers could be required to regularly measure and report the odorant content of natural gas to customers, similar to the informational messages often produced by interstate gas pipeline companies.
  • State regulations could require that direct measurement of unburned natural gas leakage into ambient air be included in emissions inventories and help to better determine public health risks.
  • The Consumer Product Safety Commission has the power to set performance standards for gas ranges and ventilation hoods to limit emissions of air pollutants.
  • Home inspectors and contractors may be required to perform leak detection surveys of natural gas appliances or measure methane in the ppm range, such as radon tests performed before a real estate transaction is completed. .
  • Given the importance of odorants in detecting gas leaks, federal natural gas odorization regulations could be updated so that natural gas is odorized to achieve detection levels well below the current 1/5 of the lower explosive limit (detectable at approximately 1% methane).

Individual actions:

  • Since small leaks can escape our sense of smell, a home natural gas leak detection survey by a licensed plumber or heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) contractor can verify that no small leaks are present. present.
  • Increasing ventilation is one of the most accessible and important actions to reduce the sources of indoor pollution. Opening windows and opening a vent that exhausts to the outside when cooking are simple steps that can reduce the risk of indoor exposure.
  • If you smell gas, get out of the building and immediately call your gas company to assess whether there is a leak in or near your home.

Source of the story:

Material provided by Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

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Outgoing lottery company Camelot sees signs of cost of living crisis hitting sales https://atlantigaz.com/outgoing-lottery-company-camelot-sees-signs-of-cost-of-living-crisis-hitting-sales/ Tue, 28 Jun 2022 06:48:06 +0000 https://atlantigaz.com/outgoing-lottery-company-camelot-sees-signs-of-cost-of-living-crisis-hitting-sales/ Outgoing UK National Lottery operator Camelot has revealed a drop in ticket and instant game sales as it flags signs players have been ‘tightening their belts’ over the soaring cost of the game life.

Camelot, which recently took legal action against the Gambling Commission after losing the lottery’s next license to compete with Allwyn, saw sales fall by 3% or £283.2m to £8.1bn. pounds sterling in the year ending March 31.

He said most of the drop was due to a 7% drop in National Lottery snapshot sales – down from £240million to £3.4billion.

The group partly attributed the fall to the end of Covid restrictions, which it said meant there was “greater competition for people’s attention and spending”.

But he also revealed that “growing economic uncertainty” has dampened instant sales as consumers come under pressure from rising costs, while scratch card sales have remained below pre-pandemic levels.

Sales at the 44,500 retailers carrying National Lottery products fell 4% to £4.7million over the year.

He blamed pandemic restrictions earlier in the year, but more recently the cost of living crisis, which he said had slowed the retail recovery as “consumers tightened their belts”.

Retailers still account for nearly 60% of all group sales, he added.

The group said raffle-based games fared better, although ticket sales were still down from £43.2m to £4.6bn, with fewer major rollovers of the EuroMillions.

There have been 15 jackpot draws of over £100m in 2021/22 compared to 22 the previous year, he said.

Camelot added that the end of Covid restrictions saw online sales fall from £93million to £3.4billion, although he added that this was also due to the introduction of limits on weaker online gambling and wallets for potentially risky gamblers.

He said £1.9billion was generated for good causes during the year – an increase of £24.3million on last year and the equivalent of £36million. pounds each week, making it the second highest total raised.

Camelot chief executive Nigel Railton said: “To achieve National Lottery sales of over £8billion two years in a row while maintaining very high levels of audience participation – despite the challenging external environment and changing – proves that our strategy of providing great choice to consumers in a safe and convenient way continues to be hugely successful.

“In the coming year, we will continue to invest and innovate to respond to the changing consumer environment,” he said.

In March, Camelot lost the license to operate the lottery from 2024 after 30 years of operating the game.

The five-year license has been awarded to Allwyn, formerly known as Sazka, which runs lotteries in Austria, Italy and Greece, and is offering to cut the cost of tickets in the UK from £2 to £1 .

But Camelot launched legal proceedings a month later to challenge the decision.

Questions have also been raised about Allwyn’s sister company’s ties to Russian gas giant Gazprom.

Labor MPs asked the government what checks had been made to ensure it had no financial or political ties to Vladimir Putin’s regime.

Allwyn’s sister company MND runs a gas storage business with Gazprom in the Czech Republic, but is exploring ways to end the Russian company’s involvement.

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Critical EIA Oil Inventory Data Faces Further Delays https://atlantigaz.com/critical-eia-oil-inventory-data-faces-further-delays/ Mon, 27 Jun 2022 21:30:00 +0000 https://atlantigaz.com/critical-eia-oil-inventory-data-faces-further-delays/

The Energy Information Administration will not release any further data, the agency said in an update on highly anticipated inventory numbers due to be released last Wednesday.

The data was not released last week after the EIA discovered “a voltage irregularity, which caused hardware failures on two of our main processing servers.”

This failure prevented the EIA from processing and releasing several reports last week, including its highly sought-after weekly State of Oil report, which not only publishes crude oil inventory data in the United States, but also gasoline and diesel inventories, as well as refinery utilization figures. Also missing last week were weekly U.S. crude oil production numbers.

The EIA did not provide a timeline for releasing the data, or comment on whether their systems would be operational to release this week’s State of Oil report.

Last week, the oil industry had to rely on inventory figures from the American Petroleum Institute, which surveys the same companies and uses the same form to collect the data. But due to the way this data is modeled, there are differences in the end result.

“We will continue to provide timely updates as we bring our systems back online and share a schedule for our product releases as soon as possible,” the EIA said in its statement on its website.

Last Tuesday, the API reported an increase in crude oil inventories of 5.607 million barrels and an increase in gasoline inventories of 1.216 million barrels. Distillates fell 1.656 million bpd.

The delay prompted an outpouring of angry reactions on Twitter after today’s update as the market tries to assess the state of the market as gasoline prices remain uncomfortably high for consumers and for the current administration as the midterm elections approach.

API data is still due for release on Tuesday.

By Julianne Geiger for Oilprice.com

More reading on Oilprice.com:

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Israel and Saudi Arabia ‘in talks on joint defense against Iran’ | Israel https://atlantigaz.com/israel-and-saudi-arabia-in-talks-on-joint-defense-against-iran-israel/ Mon, 27 Jun 2022 14:18:00 +0000 https://atlantigaz.com/israel-and-saudi-arabia-in-talks-on-joint-defense-against-iran-israel/

According to a report, senior military officials from Israel and Saudi Arabia met in secret US-brokered talks to discuss defense coordination against Iran.

Delegations from Riyadh, as well as Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Jordan and Egypt, met with the Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) in the Egyptian city of Sharm el-Sheikh in March, the the wall street journal revealed on Sunday, citing U.S. and regional officials.

The United States was represented by General Frank McKenzie, the former head of US Central Command, whose area of ​​responsibility was expanded under Donald Trump to include Israel.

The unprecedented summit marks the first time that Israeli officials have met with such a wide range of counterparts from the Arab world, in an effort to counter the common threat of Tehran’s independence growing missile and drone capabilities.

Israel has no formal diplomatic ties with Qatar or Saudi Arabia, the region’s geopolitical heavyweight, which rivals Iran for influence.

Under the Trump administration, the majority Jewish state signed the Abraham Accords establishing formal relations with the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Morocco and Sudan, ushering in an era of closer ties between Israel and its Arab neighbors.

The accords ended a decades-old taboo in Arab diplomacy as power and priorities in the Middle East shift: the region’s mostly autocratic governments have become indifferent to the occupation of Palestinian territories, and Israel and the Gulf States have a common enemy in Iran.

The Sharm el-Sheikh summit seems to represent a major step towards the formalization of Israeli-Saudi relations.

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President Joe Biden plans to visit Israel and Saudi Arabia in mid-July, when he is expected to announce further steps in warming relations between two of the Middle East’s most powerful nations. A proposed deal is believed to include allowing Israeli commercial flights over the kingdom and Israeli approval of a plan to transfer control from Egypt over two strategic Red Sea islands to Riyadh.

Arab countries also appear increasingly keen to access sophisticated Israeli air defense technology after a series of drone strikes in recent years on oil facilities and infrastructure in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were reportedly carried out by Iran.

The most serious attack, claimed by Iran-backed Houthi rebels in Yemen, hit an Aramco complex in Saudi Arabia in September 2019, shutting down around 5% of global oil production and causing chaos on financial markets.

Sharm el-Sheikh summit participants reportedly agreed in principle to coordinate early notification systems when aerial threats are detected, and discussed potential decision-making processes on which country’s forces would intercept drone, ballistic or missile attacks cruising. For now, alerts would be sent via phones and computers, rather than a US-style military data-sharing system.

The meeting came after a lower-level working group made up of countries in the region discussed hypothetical threat scenarios and ways in which nations could work together to detect and counter air attacks.

The agreements were non-binding, the Journal reported, and support from political leaders would be needed to codify the notification agreements being discussed and any broader military cooperation.

In a statement, Central Command did not acknowledge the meeting but said it “maintains a strong commitment to increasing regional cooperation and developing an integrated air and missile defense architecture to protect our force and our regional partners.” .

Spokespersons for Israel and the Arab countries present did not comment on the summit. Addressing Israeli Knesset members at a briefing last week, Israeli Defense Minister Benny Gantz described what he called the “Middle East Air Defense Alliance” as being already operational.

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Funding remains Nigeria’s main constraint in the oil and gas sector – Sylva https://atlantigaz.com/funding-remains-nigerias-main-constraint-in-the-oil-and-gas-sector-sylva/ Sun, 26 Jun 2022 19:45:35 +0000 https://atlantigaz.com/funding-remains-nigerias-main-constraint-in-the-oil-and-gas-sector-sylva/

Nigeria’s Minister of State for Petroleum, Chief Timipre Sylva, said financing remains the main constraint to unlocking the potential of Nigeria’s oil and gas sector.

The Minister revealed this during the African Energy Chamber (AEC) Roundtable in Johannesburg, South Africa this weekend.

According to him, Nigeria, like most oil-producing countries in Africa, has problems with investments from everywhere because the world is rapidly moving towards renewable energy.

Sylva said Africa is not ready to move away from oil and gas as there are huge amounts of people without access to energy, and hydrocarbons would enable African countries to meet the targets. of SDG 7 to provide access to reliable energy.

“We have decided that Africa-based financial institutions, such as the African Energy Bank, which the African Petroleum Producers Association works towards, will be the ones to finance African energy developments.

“International oil companies are increasingly interested in offshore investments because the tax conditions are attractive. If we maintain attractive fiscal conditions, we will get more funding from international parties.

“Africa will have to use hydrocarbons to produce electricity. Gas is our choice for producing and increasing access to electricity. One of the projects we are rolling out in Nigeria is a large gas turbine in Abuja, which was previously unthinkable as there was no gas supply.

“In the north, we have a company looking to invest in an energy island. The project will transport gas virtually from the south via the Ajaokuta–Kaduna–Kano (AKK) pipeline. A lot of industries that had been shut down are getting back to business thanks to AKK’s access to gas and with the gas we will be able to solve our energy problems.

“We are trying to build more gas turbines, gas grids and pipelines from Nigeria south to Lagos and we are taking these pipelines out of Nigeria. For example, between Nigeria and Togo, we have a pipeline that we will extend to Morocco to support electricity production. We cannot quickly switch to renewables: we are not ready and we are happy that the world is redefining gas as a clean fuel.

Speaking on investments, Sylva said Nigeria’s oil and gas sector is ready for investors with the passage of the Petroleum Industry Act.

“Unfortunately, now that we’re ready, a lot of things including energy transition are driving down interest in the oil industry. However, with the PIA-enabled regulatory institutions now in place, we’re seeing interest from investors in Nigeria and international companies such as Shell, Chevron and ExxonMobil who have pledged to make additional investments in the offshore sector as some of these companies move away from onshore operations.”

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The G7 struggling with a busy agenda of a disrupted world | G7 https://atlantigaz.com/the-g7-struggling-with-a-busy-agenda-of-a-disrupted-world-g7/ Sun, 26 Jun 2022 09:14:00 +0000 https://atlantigaz.com/the-g7-struggling-with-a-busy-agenda-of-a-disrupted-world-g7/

A cap on Russian oil prices, postponement of climate change commitments, potential famine in Africa and continued arms supply to Ukraine are to rush at a meeting of G7 world leaders in course of the next three days against the backdrop of the greatest geopolitical crisis since 1945.

The agenda reveals how the world has been turned upside down since the leaders of industrialized nations last met in Cornwall a year ago at a summit chaired by Britain, mainly to focus on the threat posed by China.

Ahead of the summit in Germany, Boris Johnson issued a warning to the West not to show war fatigue, a point that will be echoed when Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy addresses the meeting via video link. He is expected to highlight the difficulties his troops face in eastern Ukraine as well as the need for heavier long-range weapons.

Andriy Yermak, the head of Zelenskiy’s office, said the G7 should respond to the latest airstrikes on Kyiv, which killed one on Sunday, with a full gas embargo.

The overall message from the three-day G7 meeting will be that sanctions are slowly degrading Russia’s war machine and will be strengthened if the damage to the wider global economy can be contained.

US President Joe Biden urged the G7 to show resolve as he greeted German Chancellor Olaf Scholz. “We have to stay together, because Putin counted from the beginning on the fact that NATO and the G7 would separate one way or another. But we haven’t and we won’t.

The ban on further Russian gold imports will be another measure of solidarity with Ukraine, but the idea of ​​a Russian oil price cap, backed by US President Joe Biden, has come to the fore in the talks as a visible means of slowing runaway inflation, one of the main topics of conversation when G7 leaders gathered for their first three-day session in the Bavarian Alps.

Such a price mechanism would set an upper limit on oil imports from Russia, which would be imposed unilaterally by each participating country and would prevent Russia from selling at a higher price. For European countries, it is also seen as a potential means of mitigating runaway inflation induced by energy prices.

Some European countries feared that this would require the painful reopening of the European Union’s existing agreement on oil sanctions against Russia. This would require the agreement of all 27 EU member states. The EU is expected to phase out its dependence on Russian oil by the end of the year, with some exemptions, but this agreement required painstaking discussions

It is also unclear how major buyers of Russian crude such as China and India might be brought into compliance with a price cap. One idea put forward by the United States would be to make its access to marine insurance for oil cargoes conditional on paying no more than the agreed fixed cap for oil on board. The EU has agreed to ban insurance for the transport of crude and petroleum products from Russia.

For weeks, Italy has been pushing to go further by introducing a cap on gas prices, an idea backed by Italian energy companies. French officials at the summit expressed their willingness to discuss an oil price cap, but suggested Europe needed a broader energy price shield to keep inflation in check.

But there is no guarantee that Vladimir Putin would not react by further cutting off the gas supply. Gazprom cut gas supplies by 60% last week, citing maintenance problems caused by a lack of parts supplies from Canada, an explanation G7 leaders do not consider credible. The Nord Stream 1 pipeline is due to be completely shut down for regular two-week summer maintenance in July and there are fears that Putin could be ready to deal a blow to Russian revenues and Gazprom if he thought it would cause an industrial collapse across the country. ‘Europe.

EU states are expected to have their reserves replenished to 80% by November in anticipation of a harsh winter, but there are also complex entitlements for national reserves to be distributed to countries with energy shortages.

EU states are already allowing some coal-fired power plants to stay open longer than planned. The change in approach to fossil fuels, including gas, is reflected in the draft communiqué which is less intransigent on the need to end all future investment in fossil fuels, but the language is so written that it also retains commitments to a radical green energy transition.

This year, the President of the G7, the German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, has invited as partner countries Senegal, currently President of the African Union, Argentina, currently at the head of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States , as well as Indonesia and India, the current and next hosts of the G20 group of major industrial nations, as well as South Africa. Indonesian President Joko Widodo announced he was joining a long list of mediators in the Ukraine conflict, saying he would visit Moscow to propose a ceasefire.

African leaders, faced with drought and soaring wheat prices, will want to know what is being done to speed the flow of grain out of Ukraine, but talks of a safe route for grain convoys out of the Ukrainian port from Odessa on the Black Sea are proving difficult. The EU has insisted that it does not impose sanctions on Russian grain or fertilizer exports, and no blockage of Ukrainian exports would exist without Russian action.

Scholz said: “The summit must not only send the message that NATO and the G7 are more united than ever, but also that the democracies of the world are uniting against Putin’s imperialism, just as they are doing in the fight against hunger and poverty”.

The summit takes place at Schloss Elmau castle, at the foot of Germany’s highest mountain, the Zugspitze, the same venue where the country last hosted the G7 annual meeting in 2015. That meeting was chaired by Angela Merkel in the wake of the first Russian invasion of Ukraine and Merkel is now considered to have left her successor a legacy of over-reliance on Russian energy.

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Why Chinese imports of US LNG have collapsed https://atlantigaz.com/why-chinese-imports-of-us-lng-have-collapsed/ Sat, 25 Jun 2022 23:00:00 +0000 https://atlantigaz.com/why-chinese-imports-of-us-lng-have-collapsed/

As European LNG buyers snap up shipments from the United States in a race to replace Russian pipeline deliveries, America has become a major supplier to Europe, and its sales to China have soared. reduced to a few shipments shipped so far this year. Chinese LNG imports from the United States fell 95% between February and April compared to the same period in 2021. Meanwhile, Chinese LNG imports from Russia jumped 50%, according to data from the chinese customs quoted by The Wall Street Journal.

This is a major change in US LNG shipments to China. The United States was the largest supplier of LNG spot volumes to China last year, the EIA said last month.

So far this year, the United States has occasionally sent LNG shipments to China, but most exports have gone to Europe, which pays more for spot LNG supply.

In April 2022 alone, five European countries – France, Spain, the UK, the Netherlands and Poland – accounted for 54.1% of total US LNG exports, according to US Department data. Energy show Last week.

The European Union and the United Kingdom have seen a record high LNG imports in April as higher spot prices in Europe relative to Asia attracted suppliers with destination flexibility to ship LNG to Europe. Those vendors were mostly from the United States, the EIA said earlier this month.

The Russian invasion of Ukraine and Europe’s determination to end its dependence on Russian energy are changing global energy flows, not only in oil but also in gas.

Europe is pricing Asia for spot deliveries and is turning to mostly American LNG to reduce its still-heavy reliance on Russian gas. At the same time, China is buying more LNG from Russia, which the West does not want to touch. High LNG spot prices and lackluster demand due to China’s zero-COVID lockdowns have significantly reduced Chinese appetite for US LNG this year.

Related: India’s top refiner sees oil staying above $100 this year

Yet China’s scant U.S. LNG imports won’t persist for years, as major Chinese states and other energy companies have signed long term offers with US exporters in recent months. Some of these LNG deliveries will begin as early as 2022 and 2023.

Nevertheless, global energy trade flows are changing, and they are changing for good. Europe will not revert to Russian energy and is on an irreversible path to cut dependence on Russian oil and gas, sooner for oil than for gas.

Banned, sanctioned and shunned in the West, Russia is now turning to the East to sell its energy. Analysts warn, however, that Russia, which has no other choice, could become too dependent on China, particularly for its gas sales. Moreover, the volumes of pipelines and LNG that Russia sends to China represent only a fraction of Russian pipeline exports to Europe, even if Russia cut gas supply to Europe in recent weeks.

Russia already sends natural gas by pipeline to China via the Power of Siberia pipelinewhich became operational at the end of 2019. Another major pipeline is expected to deliver gas from Russia to China, but it will take years to be completed and commissioned.

The European gas market remains much larger and much more lucrative, said Nikos Tsafos, holder of the James R. Schlesinger Chair in Energy and Geopolitics of the Energy Security and Climate Change Program of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS).

“Russia could eventually build a significant business geared towards Asian markets, but change will not be immediate or easy, and it will critically depend on foreign partners, including China,” Tsafos wrote in an analysis last month. .

“To get a contract with China, Russia had to come up with a deal: China pays much less for Russian gas than Europe,” he added.

By Tsvetana Paraskova for Oilprice.com

More reading on Oilprice.com:

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Hailing social reforms in Saudi Arabia, Italian Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio says Rome is ready to support the kingdom https://atlantigaz.com/hailing-social-reforms-in-saudi-arabia-italian-foreign-minister-luigi-di-maio-says-rome-is-ready-to-support-the-kingdom/ Sat, 25 Jun 2022 21:05:42 +0000 https://atlantigaz.com/hailing-social-reforms-in-saudi-arabia-italian-foreign-minister-luigi-di-maio-says-rome-is-ready-to-support-the-kingdom/

RIYADH: Psychedelic researcher Stanislov Grof once wrote that “psychedelics, used responsibly and with proper caution, would be to psychiatry what the microscope is to biology and medicine or the telescope is to astronomy.” .

For many, this may seem like a far-fetched claim, but now more than ever it is proven to be true and could very well become a frontier in the practice of medicine.

Saudi Arabia was undergoing a mental health epidemic and the psychological strains of the pandemic were exacerbating this. People are desperately looking for ways to cope. One of the newest methods of psychotherapy in the region, although stigmatized, is psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy. A recent study published by Neuropsychopharmacology showed that the substances were proven to have long-term positive effects on mental health and their efficacy, safety and tolerability in the treatment of major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive- compulsive and certain addictions.

I’m getting more people contacting me asking how they can get this treatment, and it’s really heartbreaking to tell them, I’m sorry, but you’re going to have to wait. It is not yet available.

Haya Al-HejailanSaudi wellness practitioner and specialist in psychedelic integration

It is also associated with improved creativity and problem solving, according to an article published by the Journal of Psychoactive Drugs in 2019.

While stigma around mind-altering substances, both in the region and globally, is inevitable, researchers and scientists argue that if these drugs are regulated and used only for medical purposes, what is the harm?

The term “psychedelics”, a class of hallucinogens, comes from the Greek words “psyche”, which means mind, and “delia”, which means to manifest. Psychoactive substances are intended to alter the mind and create an alternative cognitive perception.

Psychedelics are categorized into classics, which include lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), psilocybin (commonly known as magic mushrooms), mescaline, and others, and non-classics, such as methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or ecstasy) and ketamine.

“(These are) very good tools for us to better understand the brain and the study of consciousness,” Haya Al-Hejailan, a Saudi wellness expert and specialist in psychedelic integration, told Arab News . His work centers on psychedelic research and the treatment of borderline personality disorder.

This point may seem counter-intuitive: how to treat an addiction with a substance likely to cause another addiction? But psychedelics are, in fact, anti-addictive in nature.

“They have anti-addictive properties, which means they are not physiologically addictive, but one can become psychologically addicted to anything,” Al-Hejailan said, referring to addictions unrelated to drugs. substances such as coffee or mobile devices.

However, the use of psychedelics can present certain dangers, which makes it crucial to undergo treatment strictly under professional medical supervision, which can only be accessed through clinics. Psychedelic therapists are trained to create a controlled environment for patients undergoing psychedelic therapy, with sessions prior to the administration of the treatment dose to identify red flags or possible risks that would otherwise create a greater margin for error. Patients who self-dose could potentially be subject to health risks, retraumatization, depersonalization, and dissociation.

“More and more people are contacting me asking how they can get this treatment, and it’s really heartbreaking to tell them, ‘I’m sorry, but you’re going to have to wait. It’s not available yet,'” Al-Hejailan said “But I’m optimistic about the word ‘again’ being highlighted.”

An article published by The Lancet have shown that most antidepressants are ineffective and can be harmful to adolescents and children.

In order to address this medical need, several research efforts and trials have been undertaken to evaluate alternative pathways, such as psychedelic-assisted therapy.

A study published by the National Library of Medicine found that small IV doses of ketamine can have positive and long-lasting antidepressant effects in patients. Although scientific research regarding the psychotherapeutic use of psychedelics in the region is insufficient, Saudi Arabia has facilitated its use for other purposes. Last year the Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine published an article describing a successful case of refractory epilepsy, a life-threatening condition, in a child treated with a single dose of ketamine.

Despite its growing popularity in the mainstream media, psychedelic science is one of the cutting edge neurosciences, producing insufficient research compared to other sciences. The 1950s saw the first published report in English of LSD, and research continued into Richard Nixon’s US presidential term, ending in the 1970s. However, research efforts were soon banned on the grounds that the War on Drugs was a declared public enemy of the US President. However, it was buoyed by other factors, such as lack of funding for psychedelic research and failed medical trials, according to an article published by the Cambridge University Press.

This field of medicine was considered niche until recently. In 2017, MDMA received “Breakthrough Therapy” designation from the Food and Drug Administration, meaning it received an expedited review process. In 2018, the FDA granted the same status to a group of psychiatrists seeking psilocybin-assisted therapy for treatment-resistant depression.

That same year, Michael Pollan’s book “How to Change Your Mind” created a public space for people to think differently about psychedelics and expanding mind awareness. Ketamine was granted the same status a year later. This is arguably when psychedelics came into their own, although their resurgence in clinical research and trials resumed in the 1990s.

“(Before that) I encountered a lot of skepticism. People literally thought I was talking about something crazy,” Al-Hejailan said in reference to the discussion of psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy before 2018.

“There is a lot of interest, enthusiasm and curiosity that I encounter now when I talk about my work.”

With a Masters in Applied Positive Psychology and Coaching Psychology from the University of East London, Al-Hejailan’s work also includes the integration of positive psychology and psychedelic education, providing training in therapy psychedelics and in ketamine-assisted psychotherapy. She also co-directed and co-produced a documentary called “Psychedelic Renaissance”, focusing on the re-emergence of the psychedelic movement in the world and its cultural significance.

Al-Hejailan said raising awareness of psychedelic studies was the first step in creating a regional environment that allows for alternative psychotherapy methods.

“I think we need, in general, to focus more of our energy and attention on psychoeducation, educating the public about mental health and wellness. The more we do this, the more likely people are to continue to accept and be interested,” she said.

The next steps to normalize the use of psychoactive drugs include actively training clinicians and therapists in their uses and benefits and, eventually, establishing specialty clinics and research centers.

“My goal is to have presentations specifically on psychotherapy and to meet with therapists, psychologists, psychiatrists and other doctors, and policy makers at some point. To show them what’s going on at the abroad, what science shows and discuss how we can replicate that here in a safe way that respects our culture and respects our specific or unique needs,” Al-Hejailan said.

“I really want to open a clinic and a research center here. My colleagues and I would love to see the Saudi pioneer of psychedelic research in the region, and perhaps the world.

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The repair of the Russian pipeline worries Europe https://atlantigaz.com/the-repair-of-the-russian-pipeline-worries-europe/ Sat, 25 Jun 2022 05:15:00 +0000 https://atlantigaz.com/the-repair-of-the-russian-pipeline-worries-europe/

When Russia shuts off gas through the Nord Stream 1 pipeline for maintenance in July, Europe begins to fear it won’t turn it back on.

This week, Russia cut gas flows to Europe to 40% of pipeline capacity, blaming delays in repairing equipment and leaving Germany and other European states scrambling to find alternative supplies for avoid the risk of rationing on the arrival of winter.

Now Europe fears that President Vladimir Putin will use a scheduled maintenance program on the July 11-21 pipeline to turn the screw, hampering stockpile replenishment efforts in retaliation for wide-ranging sanctions over the Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine.

“We are in another episode of the energy war launched by the Russian dictator Putin,” Czech Industry Minister Jozef Sikela said on Friday June 24. “And we don’t know how far this will escalate. It cannot be ruled out that shipments drop or stop completely.

The head of the International Energy Agency also warned on Wednesday June 22 that Russia could completely cut off gas to Europe to boost its political influence.

The Kremlin said Russia remained a reliable energy supplier and was ‘strictly fulfilling all its obligations’ to Europe, blaming the cut in supply on sanctions that delayed the return of serviced equipment from Canada to the gas supplier Russian Gazprom.

Some European countries, however, said it was a pretext to send less gas and drive up prices, prompting Germany to trigger the “alarm phase” of its emergency gas plan while d Others have defined measures to avoid winter shortages.

German Economy Minister Robert Habeck said he was heading for a gas shortage if supplies of Russian gas remained as low as they are now, and that some industries would have to be shut down if it didn’t. there weren’t enough in the winter.

“Companies would have to shut down production, lay off their workers, supply chains would collapse, people would go into debt to pay their heating bills, those people would get poorer,” Habeck said. The Spiegel magazine on Friday, saying it was part of Putin’s strategy to divide the country.

Gas bills are set to rise further this summer for German households who are already paying more than double what they paid last year, internet portal Check24 said.

Over the past few years, maintenance shutdowns for Nord Stream 1, the main pipeline bringing gas from Russia to Europe’s biggest economy, have been completed on time.

This year, gas traders and analysts suspect that Russia will at least take the opportunity to prolong the blackout, putting upward pressure on European benchmark wholesale prices, which have already risen nearly 100%. so far this year.

Gazprom did not respond to a request for comment on Friday.

On Thursday, June 23, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters: “Our German counterparts are well aware of the technical maintenance cycles of gas pipelines…. It has been working for many years, it works properly, flawlessly. Therefore, it is strange to drag politics into everything here.

Russia’s income

Europe gets 40% of its gas from Russia and both sides stand to lose if the supply is completely cut off.

In energy markets, scheduled outages for maintenance of infrastructure such as pipelines and power plants are common and often required by safety regulations.

Operators must inform the market in advance of these cuts and they provide an opportunity to carry out work during periods when energy demand is generally lower, such as summer.

It is not uncommon for additional faults to be detected and corrected during routine shutdowns. Operators can extend maintenance periods to do this, but they should alert the market.

“The concern that NS1 maintenance is an opportunity to find an excuse to extend zero flows through the pipeline is valid. However, keep in mind that Russia cannot replace the EU as a strong and solvent buyer,” said one trader, referring to Europe being Russia’s biggest gas customer.

Earlier this month, Russia’s Finance Ministry said it expected to receive 393 billion rubles ($7.3 billion) in additional oil and gas revenue in June.

Ole Hansen, head of commodities strategy at Saxo Bank, said Russia did not have enough buyers to make up for the potential shortfall in European revenue.

“Unlike crude oil, Russia sells most of its gas through pipelines to Europe and Asia, and given the current restrictions on ships carrying Russian goods, they have no other buyers. lined up,” he added.

If Nord Stream 1 isn’t fixed by mid-July, Europe won’t have enough gas supply through the winter, Goldman Sachs analysts say, and wholesale gas prices will increase further.

“As Europe responds with a range of measures, including restarting coal capacity and implementing industrial gas auctions to reduce demand, we are seeing upside growth for [Dutch gas] prices and tighter constraints on North West European gas demand, should the situation deteriorate further,” they said.

This will make it even more difficult to fill gas storage sites if Nord Stream 1 receives extended maintenance. European sites are currently 55% full and the target is 80% by November 1.

If pipeline flows continue at 40% capacity or stop altogether, Europe will only be able to fill storage to 69% and 60% respectively, according to consultants Wood Mackenzie and Rystad Energy. – Rappler.com

$1 = 54.0340 rubles

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Gazprom Dobycha Nadym launches reclamation project for Yamal’s Kruzenshternskoye field development https://atlantigaz.com/gazprom-dobycha-nadym-launches-reclamation-project-for-yamals-kruzenshternskoye-field-development/ Fri, 24 Jun 2022 11:37:11 +0000 https://atlantigaz.com/gazprom-dobycha-nadym-launches-reclamation-project-for-yamals-kruzenshternskoye-field-development/

61% of the field area is located in Sharapov Shar Bay, Kara Sea

Source: Gazprom Dobycha Nadym website

Gazprom specialists Dobycha Nadym, together with design institutes, are working on technical solutions for the development of the Kruzenshternskoye field. The company will test the development of offshore fields for the first time by creating artificial islands, the company’s press office said.

Taking into account a detailed technical and economic comparison of different options, the company will determine the optimal scheme for collecting, drying and transporting gas, the number of integrated gas processing units, the concept of developing a pressure boosting complex, degree of processing and logistics for the sale of liquid hydrocarbons.

Yamal’s Kruzenshternskoye field is considered an important resource base for ensuring the promising supply of gas to domestic and foreign markets. The maximum production volume of the field’s Cenomanian gas deposit is estimated at 33 billion m3 per year.

The deposit is characterized by the most difficult geocryological construction conditions. 61% of the area is located in the Sharapov Shar Bay of the Kara Sea. There is intense thermal abrasion along the entire length of the coast, the destruction of coastal permafrost rocks under the influence of waves. Multi-well platform construction technologies used in other fields on the Yamal Peninsula are not applicable to the large area. A team of scientists and engineers focused on finding the optimal design for the structures of the artificial islands.

“This will be the company’s first experience in offshore field development using land reclamation technologies. The work is extremely complex and serious, but this is not an obstacle for our team,” said Igor Melnikov, General Director of Gazprom Dobycha Nadym.

A total of 12 well pads are planned, including seven on artificial islands directly in the waters of the Kara Sea and in the floodplains. The production pit fund for the full development will be up to 208 units.

The development of a set of solutions, an important task at this stage, to ensure the full and uninterrupted operation of the facilities in the absence of ground transport infrastructure. For the first time in Gazprom’s practice, the Dobycha Nadym gas well clusters will be equipped with helipads to ensure year-round access, as well as the deployment of water transport.

Gazprom Dobycha Nadym is a 100% subsidiary of Gazprom. The company specializes in the production and treatment of gas and gas condensates. The first gas production enterprise in the north of Western Siberia was created for the development and operation of the Medvezhye oil and gas condensate field, as well as for the production of the Yubileynoye, Yamsoveyskoye and Bovanenkovskoye fields. The company holds a license to develop the Kharasaveyskoye gas condensate field, where development work is underway. Territory of operation: Nadymsky, Purovsky, Yamalsky districts of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Gazprom Dobycha Nadym is the main employer in Nadym and the village of Pangody with over 9,500 employees. The company has 13 gas fields in operation, 14 specialized branches. The annual volume of natural gas production is over 100 billion m3. The company has implemented an ISO 14001:2015 environmental management system.

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