For the security of the European Union, the transit of gas through Ukraine must be maintained at least until 2035, when natural gas will be replaced by renewable energy sources.
This is according to Yuriy Vitrenko, chairman of the board of directors of Naftogaz of Ukraine, who shared his opinion on Facebook, reports Ukrinform.
“The security of Europe demands that transit through Ukraine be maintained until natural gas is replaced by renewables, at least until 2035. Ukraine is a reliable, ready transit state to offer the most competitive transit conditions yet, ”he said.
According to Vitrenko, the most realistic guarantee to keep the transit through Ukraine would be to transfer the gas transport points to the Russian-Ukrainian border. These are the Gazprom contracts, under which natural gas is now supplied to Europe via Ukraine.
Also, according to the CEO of Naftogaz, it is necessary to create on the electronic platform of Gazpromexport delivery points of additional gas volumes at the Russian-Ukrainian border. This should be done so that European companies can control the transit of gas through Ukraine themselves.
In addition, access to the Ukrainian gas transmission network on the Russian side must be unlocked for other gas exporters to Europe, especially from Central Asia.
“Gazprom must guarantee non-discriminatory access to all gas pipelines connecting Russia and Europe, including via Ukraine. Without this, Nord Stream 2 cannot function because the operator’s certification must take into account, in particular the ‘principle of solidarity’ “, added Vitrenko. .
As Ukrinform reported in August, Nord Stream 2 AG, the construction operator of the NS2 pipe, lost a lawsuit in a German court to exempt the pipeline from the requirements of the EU Gas Directive.
The EU’s third energy package is a set of directives and regulations on the European Union’s energy and gas markets. The package was approved by the European Parliament in 2009. It aims to further liberalize the energy and gas markets, as well as to strengthen consumer rights. In particular, it imposes unbundling: if a single company operates a transmission network and produces or sells energy at the same time, it may have an incentive to hinder competitors’ access to infrastructure. This prevents fair competition in the market and can lead to higher prices for consumers.
Nord Stream 2 is a Russian gas pipeline built bypassing Ukraine. It is laid across the Baltic Sea from Russia to Germany. The sole shareholder of the project is PJSC Gazprom.
In July, the United States and Germany reached an agreement to settle a dispute over the construction of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline. The agreement stipulates that Washington renounces its intention to impose sanctions on participants in the Nord Stream project. 2, while the EU reserves the right to impose sanctions on Moscow if Russia uses the pipeline as an instrument of energy pressure. The agreement also states the intention to maintain gas transit through Ukraine. Germany has pledged to use all available levers to persuade Russia to extend the Ukraine gas transit deal, which expires at the end of 2024.